Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR) is a structured evidence-based therapy that requires the patient to focus on their trauma memories, while simultaneously experiencing bilateral stimulation (eye movements; auditory stimulation; tactile stimulation). This is associated with the reduction of the vividness of the images, emotions, and sensations associated with trauma memories.
EMDR is grounded in the Adaptive Information Processing (AIP) model of how memories are stored adaptively, or maladaptively in the case of traumatic memories. EMDR allows trauma memories to get reprocessed in memory are adaptively.
EMDR is appropriate for people of all ages, and has even been effective for preverbal/nonverbal patients. Proponents of EMDR believe that most mental health concerns (e.g. substance abuse, mood disorders, eating disorders) are an expression and/or attempt to cope with the trauma that is at its core. Thus, EMDR can benefit numerous conditions. Research indicates it can be delivered effectively online, in addition to face-to-face therapy sessions.